Ubuntu 14.04 systray fix

October 22nd, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

In Ubuntu 12.04, we need to whitelist application to show in systray, but Ubuntu 14.04 removed the systray whitelist settings from DConf. This caused issues for applications like xchat, parcellite etc.

System Tray

System Tray with Xchat

Even though I found lot of solution while googleing, the only one worked for ubuntu 14.04 is,

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:gurqn/systray-trusty
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get upgrade

If you don’t want to update the whole packages, you can try installing only the following ones,

sudo apt-get install libunity-core-6.0-9 unity unity-services

After installing you need to either logout and login or restart your computer. Now the applications likes xchat can be easily minimized to system tray and open when ever you want.

Ubuntu: Convert video to audio in CLI

October 5th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

Converting a video on Ubuntu is pretty easy with avconv. If you don’t have avconv command in your PATH, you need to install libav-tools

sudo apt-get install libav-tools

After installing avconv,

avconv -i /input-file-name-with-path output-filename.mp3

This will convert your video input file into mp3.
-i option is used to indicate the input file.

You can use --help for more help and details options.

Install erlang on ubuntu

October 5th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

Using Apt

Installing erlang on ubuntu is quite easy with apt.

sudo apt-get install erlang erlang-doc

Now you can enter into the interactive prompt using erl command and compile with erlc

Build from source

If you want erland 17.0 or latest, you may need to build erlang from the source, I highly recommend to use @bryanhunter‘s build-erlang-17.0.sh gist. It worked for me on Ubuntu 14.04. This gist will install all the dependencies needed for erlang 17.

You can download the file, give executable permission and run as sudo user.

  wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/bryanhunter/10380945/raw/build-erlang-17.0.sh
  chmod u+x build-erlang-17.0.sh
  sudo ./build-erlang-17.0.sh

Install haskell on Ubuntu

October 4th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

As I thought of learning some functional programming, I started out with Haskell

In ubuntu you install via apt.

sudo apt-get install haskell-platform

This will install GHC(Glasgow Haskell Compiler), GHCi(GHC’s interactive environment) and cabal.

Try Haskell

You can try haskell using GHCi. Type ghci on command prompt and you will enter into its interactive environment.

GHC's interactive environment

GHC’s interactive environment

Congratulations, You are in. Now the prompt is Prelude>, if you can change this into ghci> by typing :set prompt "ghci> " , But that’s totally optional. You can try some basic arithmetic operations over GHCi.

Now if you wanna exit from this interactive environment, you can type in :quit. You can also type :? in GHCi for help or other options.

Cabal

Cabal is a package and build system.It is only used to build packages. Where as Cabal-Install will help you to install and manage your Haskell libraries.

If its a first time you might need to run cabal update which will download the most recent list of packages available in Hackage.

Cabal Update

Cabal Update

Cabal will look for a .cabal file in the present working directory. If you don’t have one you can use cabal init to create one interactively.

Cabal init

Cabal init

Cabal can install packages only from hackage and should be build with cabal.

Hackage

Hackage is a online repository of Haskell packages.

Git : Delete remote tag

April 18th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

Here is how you can delete a git tag in the local and remote repo. It is pretty similar how we delete remote branch.

To delete tag locally use

git tag -d v1.0.0

To delete tag in the remote repo

git push origin :refs/tags/v1.0.0

Thats it.
Thank you.

HAML : Using variable in JavaScript block

February 10th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

While I was getting started with HAML templating, everything went fine until I need to use a HAML variable inside a JavaScript block. I hope you may familiar with JavaScript block in HAML like below.

:javascript
  var a = 10;
  console.log(a);

But what if that variable a is a HAML variable and I need to use  inside the :javascript block? I had no idea how to do it, so went for some googling. The result yeilded was pretty amazing and easy. I just need to interpolate the variable as we do string interpolation in ruby.

:javascript
  console.log(#{a});

That’s it you are done. Now you are using a HAML variable inside the :javascript block.

Pretty easy right?

Configure ace editor

February 10th, 2014 § 0 comments § permalink

While I was working on my latest side project, I though of using ace editor for syntax highlighting and code styling. But, configuring editor was bit confusing for me. There was a bunch of CDN links of ace editor available on the site, But didn’t have much information about which one I should use. I tried some of them but didn’t worked for me. At last after some googling, I got the below solution.

I started with defining a div for the editor.

<div id="editor"></div>

Now I need to add the ace editor script, the script worked for me is the one given below.

<script src= '//d1n0x3qji82z53.cloudfront.net/src-min-noconflict/ace.js'></script>

At last need to configure the editor, as you needed

var editor = ace.edit("editor");
editor.getSession().setMode("ace/mode/json");
editor.setTheme("ace/theme/twilight");
editor.getSession().setTabSize(4);
editor.getSession().setUseWrapMode(true);

You can configure the editor as you need, I set the mode as json for my application. You set it as ruby, php, etc.. as you need.

Thanks

Mongodb : Install on Ubuntu

December 12th, 2013 § 0 comments § permalink

As part of getting started to NoSQL DB’s I thought of trying out MongoDB.

Installation

Installation was quite easy. Here is how I installed mongoDB on your ubuntu.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mongodb-10gen

Thats it, installation is over.

Start mongoDB

The mongoDB is setup with upstart, so you can start the service with the following command

sudo service mongodb start

Explore CLI

You can enter into mongoDB CLI to explore more, just type mongo in your terminal

mongoDB CLI

mongoDB CLI

Everything is fine. But when I do unclean shutdown sometimes, mongoDB service won’t start automatically. So after each unclean shutdown I need to do remove the lock file and start service manually.

sudo rm /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock
sudo service mongodb start

Happy exploring mongoDB.

Ubuntu : Add applications to system tray

October 21st, 2013 § 0 comments § permalink

In Ubuntu, by default system-tray won’t show newly installed apps like Xchat or Zeal. This post will walk you though “How to configure system tray to whitelist any application“.

Dconf Editor

We use dconf-editor to update the system-tray whitelist.

Install

You can easily install it with apt-get.

sudo apt-get install dconf-tools

Run it.

You can either type dconf-editor on terminal or click on dash home and search for dconf-editor.

Search

Dash home search

After opening dconf editor, Navigate to Desktop > Unity > Panel there you can find systray-whitelist.

Systray-whitelist before editing

Systray-whitelist before editing

Double click on the value and update to ['all'] or add your application name to the list.

Eg. Initially the value will be

['JavaEmbeddedFrame', 'Wine', 'scp-dbus-service', 'Update-notifier', 'Jupiter']

After adding Xchat and Zeal, it become

['JavaEmbeddedFrame', 'Wine', 'scp-dbus-service', 'Update-notifier', 'Jupiter', 'Xchat', 'Zeal']

or if you are adding all,

['all']
Systray after adding all

Systray after adding all

You are done. Now just logout and login for changes to take effect. After that When you minimise Xchat or Zeal you can find their icon over system try.

 

Boot virtual box as headless

October 10th, 2013 § 0 comments § permalink

If you are running a ubuntu server on a VM, then I highly recommend you to boot VM as headless. Here I use Oracle VirtualBox as my VM.

Why?

The two advantanges I found are

  • Saves some amount of RAM.
  • Anyway I ssh to VM, then one less window opened.

Even before I came to know that I can run VM as headless, I usually boot the VM and keep the window minimized. Then I ssh to VM from my terminal, so I can easily copy and paste text to and fro VM.

How to boot as headless?

You can boot the VM as headless using the command

 vboxmanage startvm precise64 --type headless

and you can shutdown the VM by

vboxmanage controlvm precise64 poweroff